The excel **INDIRECT** function can convert a text string to a valid reference. For example, **INDIRECT(“A1”)** will return a reference to cell **A1**, and **INDIRECT(“Scores”)** will return a reference to a named range ( suppose **Scores** is the range object name ). This article will tell you how to use the excel **INDIRECT** function with examples.

### 1. How To Use Excel INDIRECT Function.

- The excel
**INDIRECT**function contains 2 arguments**ref_text**and**[a1]**.INDIRECT(ref_text, [a1])

- The
**ref_text**is a text string, it is the referenced excel object’s name such as**“A1”**or**“Scores”**. - The text
**“A1”**is cell**A1**‘s name, and the text**“Scores”**is the named range object’s name in this example ( How To Define Named Constant In Excel And Create Excel Named Range ). - The argument
**a1**is optional, it is a boolean value to indicate the reference type of the**ref_text**value. - The
**a1**argument’s default value is**True**, which means**ref_text**will use an**A1-style**reference. - If you set the
**a1**argument’s value to**False**, then it will use**R1C1-styleÂ**to return the**ref_text**referenced object.

### 2. Why Need Excel INDIRECT Function?

- You can get excel object references by combining multiple strings from different cells.
- You can use a fixed cell as a variable to store different object names ( such as worksheet names ), and then use the
**INDIRECT**function to reference the different worksheets. - In one word, using the excel
**INDIRECT**function, you can get different excel objects dynamically.

### 3. How To Use Excel Indirect Function Examples.

#### 3.1 Use Excel Indirect Function To Reference Cells In Different Worksheets.

- Below are the data cells in this example, the data cell’s worksheet name is
**‘Excel Functions’**which is saved in cell**A8**. - And the cell name which we want to reference is
**‘B2’**in this worksheet which is saved in cell**B8**.

- So we input the formula
**=INDIRECT(“‘”&A8&”‘”&”!”&B8)**in cell**C8**and press the enter key, then it will display the text**Excel**in cell**C8**. - The text
**“‘”&A8&”‘”&”!”&B8Â**will be translated to**“‘”&”Excel Functions”&”‘”&”!”&”B2″**, and then be translated to**“‘Excel Functions’!B2”**. - Then the formula
**=INDIRECT(“‘”&A8&”‘”&”!”&B8)**will be translated toÂ**=INDIRECT(“‘Excel Functions’!B2”)**. - Then the above formula will return the reference to cell
**B2**in the worksheet**‘Excel Functions’**. - So that it will insert the cell
**B2**‘s value (**Excel**) located in the worksheet**‘Excel Functions’**Â into cell**C8**. - Because the worksheet name contains white space, then we should use 2 single quotes to wrap the worksheet name in the formula.

#### 3.2 Use Excel Indirect Function To Reference Different Cells Dynamically.

- Suppose there is a drop-down list in cell
**A1**(How To Add Drop-Down List In Excel Cell). - The drop-down list contains 3 items
**B1**,**B2**, and**B3**. - Cell
**B1**‘s value is**Excel**, cell**B2**‘s value is**Word**, andÂ cell**B3**‘s value is**PPT**. - Input the formula
**=INDIRECT(A1)Â**in cell**C1**. - Now when you select a different list item from the list in cell
**A1**. - You will find the text in cell
**C1**is also changed accordingly. - Below is the example worksheet image.

- In this example, the formula
**=INDIRECT(A1)**will return**=INDIRECT(“B1”)**,**=INDIRECT(“B2”),**or**=INDIRECT(“B3”)**. - And the formula
**=INDIRECT(“B1”)**will return**=B1**when the user selects**B1**from the list in cell**A1**. - Then cell
**C1**‘s value will be cell**B1**‘s value which is**Excel**.